Andaman and Nicobar are known as a dazzling chain of spectacular 572 islands of which 300 are only suitable for human existence and accessible for tourists. The sizes of the island vary greatly from each other. Over the years, the tourism of the city has been on a rise and it has attracted several nature admirers and adventure buffs. The island is an Indian Archipelago located in the Bay of Bengal. It is famous for its superb palm-trees, white-sandy pristine beaches casting a charming enchantment with the azure sky above, spellbinding marine wildlife, verdant mangroves, and tropical tidal forests fed by the abundant rain. The availability of numerous sea-facing luxurious hotels and resorts offering excellent hospitality, amenities, and accommodation has also contributed to their popularity.
The Union Territory has everything unique about it including the culture, origin, customs, cuisine, and tradition. Port Blair is the capital city of the island. The exotic coastline of the Islands spans over about 100 Kilometers. Of the total land region of 92% of the land is covered with lush green rainforests. However, the population of the locale is scanty. Let's find more about it in details.
The population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands At Present and Past Few Years
According to 2011 Census of India, the populace in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands stood approximately at 379,944, out of which 202,330 were found to be males and 177,614 were found to be females.
Let's find out the population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the previous years. Their population in the past 5 years has been rising which is a positive sign. Let's take a look at the population:
1. 2013 –385,566
2. 2014 –393,354
3. 2015 –400,112
4. 2016 – 413,667
5. 2017 – 420,300
After evaluating the population of the tropical paradise in the previous years, it is found that the population has been quite stable. As we have seen that every year the population increases roughly by 6946 people. Hence, the population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 2018 is forecast to be 420,300 + 6946 = 427,246. So, the population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the year 2018 as per approximate data is 427,246.
Tribal Population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Their Decline
The indigenous population of the island paradise comprises of five prominent primaeval tribes. It includes the Jarawa, Jangil, Onge, Sentinelese, and Great Andamanese. They lived in isolation and thrived far away from the light of human civilization. Hunting, fishing, hunting in the forest, poultry farming, cooking, and food gathering are their favourite activities. Their source of livelihood was cultivation and agriculture. The tribal people loved feeding on wild boars, turtles and its eggs, crabs, fruits, vegetables, and honey. Seafood such as octopus, molluscs, turban shell, scorpion shell, sundial, helmet, trochus and screw shell was a major part of their sustenance. It was also easy to catch them due to the island boasting of countless backwaters.
In the year 1789, the approximate population of the Great Andamanese was roughly 10,000. By the year 1969, their number declined radically to only 19 which by 1999 slightly increased to 41.
The population of Onge at present is counted at stable 110. Next comes the tribe called Jarawa. With an approximate population of 341, the Jarawas live in the western and southern coastal region of the Andaman Islands.
The Sentinelese belong to the last Stone Age tribes in the world. Detached and living in isolation, they are the last pre-Neolithic tribe. The Sentinelese are bifurcated into North Sentinels and South Sentinels.
According to the data released by Census data in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the tribal population of the islands has decreased by a rate of 3.19 per cent in ten years between 2001 to 2011. The general populace on the islands got raised by 6.86 per cent. the occurrence of a natural catastrophe as that of the Tsunami in the year of 2004 striking the chain of islands, unknown diseases and their failure to resist them, loss of habitat due to deforestation, malnutrition, sterility in women are some of the prominent reasons behind their dwindling population.
In the year of 2001, the population of the island was found to be 29,469 in 2001but it got reduced to 28,530 in the year of 2011 which shows a decline in their populace by 3.19 per cent. As it turned out in the year 2001, the total population of the Union Territory was 380,581 with 202,871 males and 177,710 females. The data recorded on the sex ratio of these islands was 876 females per 1,000 males; it was 846:1,000. Greater Nicobari tehsil has the most inclined sex ratio. It has a sex ratio of 665 females for every 1,000 males. The density of population in the islands increased from 43 to 46 and the literacy rate was found to be at 86.6 per cent.
To sum up, the population of the scintillating tropical islands continue to be scanty and despite the spread of modernity, the scenario is not going to change much in the future. The island will continue to be a popular tourist destination for its exotic locations, breathtaking natural surroundings, famous historical sites, museums, and wildlife sanctuaries.
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